Pathology MCQs with Answer

General Pathology MCQs with Answers

Join Pak Army and become a Captian through Armed Forces Nursing Services (AFNS), GDMOs through Short Service Regular Commission (SSRC), or join AMC (Army Medical College) for joining Pakistan Army as a professional career. Undermentioned questions are very helpful for the selection of medical jobs in PAF and Navy also as Medical Officers (MO) for forces hospitals.

Pathology MCQs with Answers for Forces (Part-1)

_______________ is a type of cell damage characterized by swelling and rupture of cells due to excessive water consumption. (Hydropic degeneration)

_______________ is a type of cell damage caused by reduced oxygen supply to tissues. (Hypoxic injury)

_______________ is a type of cell damage caused by exposure to ionizing radiation that causes DNA damage and cell death. (Radiation injury)

_______________ is a type of cell damage that results from the direct physical destruction of cells, often from trauma or mechanical forces. (Body injury)

_______________ is programmed cell death that occurs under normal physiological conditions.  (Apoptosis)

_______________ is a type of cell damage that occurs when cells are exposed to toxic substances such as drugs or chemicals. (Toxic damage)

_______________ is a type of cell damage caused by an excessive immune response against self-antigens, resulting in tissue damage. (Immunological damage)

_______________ is a type of cellular damage caused by an imbalance between reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and cellular antioxidant defenses. (Oxidative damage)

_______________ is a type of cell damage caused by the abnormal accumulation of lipids in cells, causing the cells to fail. (Lipid accumulation)

_______________ is a type of cell damage caused by the abnormal accumulation of proteins in cells, which causes the cells to stop working. (Protein deposition)

_______________ is a type of cell damage caused by an excessive increase in intracellular calcium levels, resulting in cell damage. (Calcium overload)

_______________ is a type of cell damage caused by an immune response against foreign antigens that causes tissue damage. (Autoimmune damage)

_______________ is a type of cell damage caused by the action of microorganisms such as bacteria or viruses on cells. (Infectious wound)

_______________ is a type of cell damage caused by interruption of tissue blood flow, leading to ischemia and subsequent tissue damage. (Ischemic injury)

_______________ is a type of cell damage caused by an increase in intracellular pressure, resulting in cell compression and damage. (Pressure injury.)

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Pathology MCQs with Answers Online

More pathology mcqs with answers are given below for preparation of initial tests of Pak Army, Navy and PAF;

Pathology MCQs with Answers for Forces (Part-2)

_______________ is a condition characterized by insufficient blood flow to meet the metabolic needs of the tissues.  (Hypoperfusion)

_______________ is a type of hemodynamic disorder characterized by fluid accumulation in tissue swelling.  (Edema)

_______________ is a disease characterized by widespread dilation of arterioles leading to low systemic vascular resistance and hypotension. (Systemic vasodilatation)

_______________ is a condition characterized by impaired cardiac contractility resulting in decreased cardiac output and tissue hypoperfusion. (Heart pump dysfunction)

_______________ is a type of edema caused by increased hydrostatic pressure in the venous system, often due to impaired venous return. (Venous edema)

_______________ is a condition characterized by inadequate tissue perfusion due to reduced blood volume or blood loss.  (Hypovolemia)

_______________ is a type of edema caused by a decrease in oncotic pressure in blood vessels, resulting in leakage of fluid into tissues. (Hypoalbuminemia)

_______________ is a condition characterized by an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity.  (Ascites)

_______________ is a condition characterized by excessive fluid accumulation in the pleural cavity resulting in impaired lung expansion. (Pleural effusion)

_______________ is a condition characterized by the accumulation of fluid in the pericardium, causing decreased heart function. (Cardiac tamponade)

_______________ is a type of swelling caused by damage to the lymphatic system that causes lymph to accumulate in the tissues. (Lymphedema)

_______________ is a condition characterized by the formation of blood clots in the deep veins of the legs, leading to impaired venous return and possible embolism.  (Deep vein thrombosis (DVT))

_______________ is a condition characterized by abnormal dilation and weakening of blood vessels, causing them to burst and bleed. (Aneurysm)

_______________ is a condition characterized by reduced delivery of oxygen to tissues due to a decrease in the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood. (Hypoxia)

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Free Online Pathology MCQs with Answers for SSRC

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Pathology MCQs with Answers for Forces (Part-3)

_______________ is a condition characterized by the formation of a blood clot in a coronary artery, resulting in a decrease in blood flow to the heart muscle.  (Heart attack.)

_______________ is an inherited form of hemolytic anemia characterized by abnormal hemoglobin that causes red blood cells to deform. (Sickle cell anemia)

_______________ is an autoimmune hemolytic anemia characterized by the destruction of red blood cells due to the presence of autoantibodies. (Warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia)

_______________ is a drug-induced hemolytic anemia caused by an immune response to certain medications. (Drug-induced immune hemolytic anemia)

_______________ is a form of hemolytic anemia caused by the destruction of red blood cells as a result of mechanical injury, such as heart valve abnormalities. (Microangiopathic hemolytic anemia)

_______________ is a genetic disease characterized by a lack of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD), which causes the destruction of red blood cells in response to oxidative stress. (G6PD deficiency)

_______________ is a type of hemolytic anemia caused by the destruction of red blood cells when exposed to certain infections such as malaria. (Infectious hemolytic anemia)

________________ is a rare form of congenital hemolytic anemia that results from damage to the membrane of red blood cells and leads to their premature destruction. (Hereditary spherocytosis)

_______________ is a type of hemolytic anemia caused by the destruction of red blood cells due to the presence of certain toxins such as stomach poison. (Toxin-induced hemolytic anemia)

_______________ is an autoimmune hemolytic anemia characterized by the destruction of red blood cells at cold temperatures by cold-reactive antibodies. (Cold agglutinin disease.)Benedict’s test is a chemical test used to detect the presence of _______________ in a patient’s urine. (Reduce sugar)

Benedict’s  test is usually used to diagnose and monitor _______________, which is high blood sugar.  (Diabetes mellitus)

Benedict’s test is based on the principle that reducing sugars can reduce _______________ in alkaline media.  (Copper(II) ions)

A positive test result for Benedict indicates the formation of a _______________ precipitate that varies in color from green to red depending on the amount of reducing sugar. (Brick red)

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Robbins Pathology MCQs with Answers for Free Preparation

More pathology mcqs with answers are given below to pass the tests of GDMOs, AMC, M-Cadet and medical jobs of Army, Navy and PAF.

Pathology MCQs with Answers for Forces (Part-4)

Benedict’s test can be used to distinguish between _______________ and non-reducing sugars. (Reduction)

The Benedict test is performed by adding a Benedict reagent containing _______________ ions to a patient and urine sample. (Copper(II))

The color change observed in Benedict positive test is due to the formation of _______________ when copper(II) ions are reduced to copper(I) ions. 
(Copper oxide)

Benedict test is especially useful for detecting _______________ in the urine, which can be an early sign of diabetic kidney damage. (Glucose)

Benedict test is a qualitative test, meaning that it provides information about the presence or absence of reducing sugars, but does not provide information about their ____________________.
(Concentration)

The Benedictand test is usually used in conjunction with other tests such as _______________ for a comprehensive analysis of the patient and urine. (urine glucose test strips)

_______________ is the process of formation, development and maturation of blood cells.  (Hematopoiesis)

_______________ is a condition characterized by a decrease in the number of red blood cells or hemoglobin in the blood.
(Anemia)

_______________ is a hereditary blood disorder characterized by abnormal production of hemoglobin, which causes deformation of red blood cells and various complications. (Sickle cell anemia)

_______________ is an inherited bleeding disorder characterized by the absence or dysfunction of clotting factors, leading to prolonged bleeding and easy bruising.
(Hemophilia)

_______________ is a malignant tumor of the bone marrow characterized by the uncontrolled proliferation of abnormal white blood cells. (Leukemia)

_______________ is a disease characterized by an excessive increase in the number of red blood cells, leading to an increase in blood viscosity and possible clotting.
(Polycythemia)

_______________ is an inflammatory vascular disease that affects small and medium-sized arteries and causes tissue damage and organ dysfunction. (Vasculitis)

_______________ is a type of white blood cell that participates in the immune response and protects against infection. (Lymphocytes)

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Initial Tests in Pathology MCQs with Answers Free

More initial tests of Pathology MCQs with Answers are given to prepare Army initial tests of medical branch.

Pathology MCQs with Answers for Forces (Part-5)

_______________ is a condition characterized by a decrease in the number of platelets in the blood, resulting in coagulation disorders and an increased tendency to bleed. (Thrombocytopenia)

_______________ is a laboratory test that measures the percentage of red blood cells in the total blood volume. (Hematocrit.)_______________ is an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the interstitial spaces, resulting in tissue swelling.  (Swelling)

Swelling can occur due to an increase in _______________ pressure, which can be caused by a weakened vein or lymph node. 
(Hydrostatic)

_______________ is a disease characterized by systemic edema due to heart failure and increased venous pressure. (Congestive heart failure)

_______________ is an accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity that often occurs in cirrhosis and other diseases.
(Ascites)

_______________ edema is due to increased capillary permeability, which often occurs in inflammatory reactions and allergic reactions.  (Inflammatory)

_______________ is a type of edema caused by a decrease in plasma oncotic pressure, usually due to hypoalbuminemia. 
(Hypoproteinemia)

_______________ is an accumulation of fluid in the pericardial cavity that can cause heart failure.  (Cardiac effusion)

_______________ is an accumulation of fluid in the pleural cavity that can cause breathing difficulties. 
(Pleural effusion)

_______________ is a localized form of swelling often seen in allergic reactions and characterized by rapid onset and pruritus. (Angioedema)

_______________ is an accumulation of fluid in brain tissue that can be caused by a variety of causes, including trauma and infection.
(Cerebral edema)

_______________ is a disease characterized by swelling of the lower extremities due to impaired venous return. (Peripheral edema)

_______________ is a condition characterized by swelling in dependent areas of the body such as ankles and feet.
(Dependent Edema)

_______________ is a form of local edema caused by occlusion of the lymphatic system, resulting in accumulation of lymph. (Lymphedema)

_______________ is a condition characterized by punctate swelling and skin changes often seen in chronic venous insufficiency.
(Stasis dermatitis)

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Oral Pathology MCQs with Answers for Free

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Pathology MCQs with Answers for Forces (Part-6)

_______________ is a disease characterized by swelling of the upper extremities, often associated with obstruction or surgery of lymph nodes. (Lymphedema.)

_______________ is a type of necrosis characterized by coagulation and denaturation of proteins caused by ischemia or infarction. (Coagulative necrosis)

____________________ is a typical combination of necrosis and necrosis characterized by necrotic necrosis. s with double circulation.
(Case necrosis)

_______________ is a form of necrosis caused by extremely cold temperatures. (Frostbite)

_______________ is a type of necrosis caused by exposure to high-energy radiation such as x-rays or gamma rays.
(Radiation necrosis)

_______________ is a type of necrosis characterized by fat necrosis and inflammation that often occurs in the pancreas. (Fat necrosis)

_______________ is a type of necrosis characterized by tissue transformation into a firm, dry, black mass often seen in dry necrosis.
(Gangrenous necrosis)

_____________________ is a type of necrosis characterized by enzymatic breakdown of tissue, as in acute pancreatitis. (Enzymatic necrosis)

_______________ is a type of necrosis caused by the direct action of toxins on cells, resulting in cell death.
(Toxic necrosis)

_______________ is a type of necrosis characterized by the separation of dead tissue from healthy tissue, often seen in pressure ulcers. (Sloughing necrosis)

_______________ is a term used to describe the death of a single cell or a small group of cells in a tissue.
(Focal necrosis)

_______________ is a disease characterized by widespread necrosis of skeletal muscle fibers, often associated with trauma or crushing injuries. (Rhabdomyolysis)

_______________ is a type of necrosis caused by blocking the blood supply to an organ or tissue, resulting in cell death. (Ischemic necrosis)

_______________ is a type of necrosis characterized by cell death due to insufficient supply of nutrients, which often occurs in chronic diseases. (Nutrient necrosis)

_______________ is a term used to describe tissue death and the resulting pathological changes.
(Necrosis.)

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