pharmacology mcqs with answers

Pharmacology MCQs for Nurses with Answers

Join Pak Army through AFNS or Short Service Regular Commission as a Captain and become an officer to serve for the nation. All past Pharmacology mcqs which were given in the last initial tests of GDMOs, Medical Specialists and Female Assistant jobs are given here. All pharmacology mcqs are very important to the point of Army initial tests of AFNS, AMC and GDMOs tests.

Pharmacology MCQs for Nursing Jobs (Part-1)

Cholinergic drugs stimulate or mimic the action of the neurotransmitter _______________. (Acetylcholine)

_______________ is a subtype of cholinergic receptors found in autonomic nerve glands and at the neuromuscular junctions of skeletal muscles. (Nicotinic receptors)

_______________ is a subtype of cholinergic receptors found in the parasympathetic nervous system, smooth muscle, and exocrine glands. (Muscarinic receptors)

_______________ is a direct acting cholinergic drug that stimulates both muscarinic and nicotinic receptors. (Betanechol)

_______________ is an indirectly acting cholinergic drug that inhibits the enzyme acetylcholinesterase, thereby increasing acetylcholine levels. (donepezil)

_______________ is a reversible inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase used in the treatment of myasthenia gravis. (Pyridostigmine)

_______________ is an irreversible acetylcholinesterase inhibitor used in the treatment of glaucoma. (Ecothiophate)

_______________ is a muscarinic antagonist used to treat an overactive bladder. (Oxybutynin)

_______________ is a muscarinic antagonist used to treat bradycardia and as a preoperative medication to reduce salivary and respiratory secretions. (Atropine)

_______________ is a commonly used drug that blocks nicotinic receptors at the neuromuscular junction, causing muscle relaxation during surgery. (succinylcholine)

_______________ is an anticholinesterase agent used in the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease. (Rivastigmine)

_______________ is a selective muscarinic antagonist used to treat the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. (benzatropine)

_______________ is a cholinesterase reactivator used as an antidote for organophosphate poisoning. (Pralidoxime)

_______________ is a cholinergic agonist used to treat xerostomia (dry mouth) in patients with Sjogren’s syndrome. (Pilocarpine)

_______________ is a muscarinic antagonist used to treat motion sickness and nausea. (Scopolamine)

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Pharmacology MCQs for Nursing Jobs (Part-2)

_______________ is a general anesthetic commonly used to induce and maintain anesthesia during surgical procedures. (Propofol)

_______________ is a volatile inhalation anesthetic commonly used for maintenance of anesthesia and rapid induction. (Sevoflurane)

_______________ is a local anesthetic commonly used in nerve blocks and spinal anesthesia. (Lidocaine)

_______________ is a dissociative anesthetic that produces a catatonic state and profound analgesia. (Ketamine)

_______________ is an intravenous anesthetic commonly used for conscious sedation during minor procedures. (Midazolam)

_______________ is a potent opioid analgesic often used with other anesthetics to achieve balanced anesthesia. (Fentanyl)

_______________ is a neuromuscular blocking agent used to relax muscles during surgery or intubation. (Rocuronium)

_______________ is a local anesthetic commonly used for local anesthesia of the eye. (Tetracaine)

_______________ is a short-acting barbiturate that is sometimes used as an intravenous anesthetic to induce anesthesia. (Thiopental)

_______________ is a local anesthetic that is often combined with epinephrine to prolong its effect. (Bupivacaine)

_______________ is a volatile inhaled anesthetic known for its rapid onset and recovery. (Desflurane)

_______________ is a local anesthetic commonly used in infiltration anesthesia and peripheral nerve blocks. (Procaine)

_______________ is an intravenous anesthetic used to induce and maintain anesthesia, especially in patients with cardiovascular disease. (Etomideate)

_______________ is a local anesthetic commonly used for spinal anesthesia and epidural anesthesia during childbirth. (Ropivacaine)

_______________ is a benzodiazepine sedative-hypnotic agent used for preoperative sedation and anxiolysis. (Diazepam)

_______________ is a potassium-sparing diuretic commonly used to treat hypertension and heart failure. (Spironolactone)

_______________ is a potassium-sparing diuretic that blocks sodium channels in the distal tubule of the kidney. (Amiloride)

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General Pharmacology MCQs with Answers

More questions are available for initial tests of Pak Army Medical branch tests including pharmacology mcqs.

Pharmacology MCQs for Nursing Jobs (Part-3)

_______________ is a potassium-sparing diuretic that inhibits sodium and chloride reabsorption in the distal convoluted tubule. (Triamterene)

Potassium-sparing diuretics are often used with _______________ to enhance their diuretic effect. (Thiazide diuretics)

_______________ is a condition characterized by excess potassium in the blood, which can occur as a side effect of potassium-sparing diuretics. (Hyperkalemia)

_______________ is the primary site of action of potassium-sparing diuretics in the kidney. (Distal tubules)

_______________ is a potassium-sparing diuretic that is structurally similar to and competitively inhibits aldosterone. (Eplerenone)

_______________ is a loop diuretic that can be combined with potassium-sparing diuretics to achieve synergistic diuretic and potassium-sparing effects. (Furosemide)

Potassium-sparing diuretics are contraindicated in patients with _______________ because of the risk of hyperkalemia. (Severe renal failure)

The main mechanism of action of potassium-sparing diuretics is the renal _______________ of sodium and water. (Excretion)

_______________ is a hormone that promotes sodium reabsorption and potassium excretion in the kidney and is inhibited by potassium-sparing diuretics. (Aldosterone)

_______________ is a common side effect of potassium-sparing diuretics characterized by breast enlargement and tenderness in men. (Gynecomastia)

_______________ is a combination drug containing a thiazide diuretic and a potassium-sparing diuretic. (Amiloride/Hydrochlorothiazide)

_______________ is a potassium-sparing diuretic commonly used to treat ascites and edema associated with cirrhosis. (Spironolactone)

_______________ is an electrolyte imbalance that can result from the use of potassium-sparing diuretics, characterized by low blood sodium levels. (Hyponatremia)

Organophosphates are a class of _______________ commonly used as pesticides and nerve agents. (Chemical compounds)

Organophosphates exert their toxic effects by inhibiting the activity of _______________, an enzyme involved in the breakdown of acetylcholine. (acetylcholinesterase)

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Pharmacology MCQs for Nursing Jobs (Part-4)

The main route of exposure to organophosphates is _______________. (Inhalation, ingestion, or skin contact)

Signs and symptoms of organophosphate poisoning may include _______________, excessive sweating, blurred vision, and muscle twitching. (Nausea, vomiting)

_______________ is a specific antidote used in the treatment of organophosphate poisoning. (Atropine)

_______________ is a drug that can be given with atropine as an antidote for organophosphate poisoning to activate acetylcholinesterase. (Pralidoxime)

_______________ is a commonly used nerve agent that belongs to the organophosphate class. (Sarin)

Organophosphate poisoning can cause _______________, a life-threatening condition characterized by convulsions, difficulty breathing, and loss of consciousness. (Status epilepticus)

The first-line treatment for organophosphate poisoning is _______________ to prevent absorption of the toxic compound. (Pollution)

_______________ is a symptom of organophosphate poisoning characterized by constriction of the pupils. (Miosis)

_______________ is a drug that can reduce the absorption of organic phosphates in case of poisoning. (Activated charcoal)

_______________ is a diagnostic test used to measure cholinesterase activity in the blood to confirm organophosphate poisoning. (cholinesterase test)

In severe cases of organophosphate poisoning, _______________ may be necessary to support respiratory function. (Mechanical ventilation).

_______________ is a long-term consequence of organophosphate poisoning that can occur in people exposed to low levels of organophosphates over a long period of time. (Chronic Neurotoxicity)

_______________ is a medication that can be given to treat seizures associated with organophosphate poisoning. (Diazepam)

_______________ studies how drugs are absorbed, distributed, metabolized and eliminated from the body. (Pharmacokinetics)

_______________ is the process by which a drug enters the bloodstream from the site of administration. (Absorption)

_______________ measures the entry of a drug into the systemic circulation and its availability to exert its pharmacological effects. (Biological availability)

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Pharmacology MCQs Book Related Material for Army

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Pharmacology MCQs for Nursing Jobs (Part-5)

_______________ is that part of the administered drug dose that reaches the systemic circulation unchanged. (Drug Fraction)

_______________ is the time required for the plasma concentration of a drug to decrease by 50% after stopping a drug. (elimination half-life)

_______________ is the process by which a drug is distributed throughout the body after entering the bloodstream. (Distribution)

_______________ is the volume of fluid that would be needed to contain the entire amount of drug in the body at the same concentration as in plasma. (Distribution Volume)

_______________ is the process by which drugs and their metabolites are excreted from the body mainly through urine and feces. (Excretion)

_______________ is a measure of how well a drug is excreted from the body and is expressed as the volume of plasma released by the drug per unit time. (Valley)

_______________ is a mathematical model that describes the relationship between drug concentration, time and speed of removal from the body. (Pharmacokinetic model)

_______________ is the maximum concentration of a drug in plasma after drug administration. (Cmax)

_______________ is the lowest plasma concentration of the drug during the dosing interval. (Cmin)

_______________ is the time required to reach the lowest effective concentration of the drug after administration. (Onset of action)

_______________ is the process by which drugs are transported from the systemic circulation back to the gastrointestinal tract to be eliminated in the feces. (Enterohepatic Circulation)

Atropine is _______________ commonly used to treat bradycardia and as a preoperative medication to decrease salivary and airway secretions. (Muscarinic antagonist)

Atropine acts competitively by blocking _______________ receptors activated by acetylcholine. (Muscarine)

Atropine comes from the plant _______________. (Atropa belladonna)

Atropine is contraindicated in _______________ patients. (Glaucoma)

Atropine can cause _______________ due to its anticholinergic effects in the gastrointestinal tract. (Constipation)

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Pharmacology MCQs for Nursing Jobs (Part-6)

Atropine is used as an antidote for _______________ poisoning. (Organophosphate)

Atropine can cause _______________, which is a rapid, irregular heartbeat. (Tachycardia)

Atropine is available in various forms including _______________ and intravenous injection. (Oral, Sublingual, Ophthalmic)

Atropine can cause _______________ in high doses or in susceptible individuals. (Central nervous system stimulant)

Atropine is used to dilate _______________ in eye exams. (Students)

Atropine can cause _______________ due to its anticholinergic effects on the airways. (Dry mouth)

Atropine should be used with caution in patients with _______________ because of the risk of urinary retention. (Prostatic hyperplasia)

Atropine can be used as a bronchodilator in the treatment of _______________. (Asthma)

Atropine is classified as a _______________ drug. (Parasympatholytic)

Atropine can cross _______________ and affect various organs in the body. (Blood-brain barrier)

_______________ is a proton pump inhibitor commonly used to reduce stomach acid secretion and treat conditions such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and peptic ulcers. (Omeprazole)

_______________ is an antacid that neutralizes stomach acid and is often used to relieve heartburn and indigestion. (Aluminum hydroxide)

_______________ is a gastrointestinal motility drug used to treat constipation. (Metoclopramide)

_______________ is an H2-receptor antagonist that reduces stomach acid secretion and is often used to treat conditions such as peptic ulcers and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). (ranitidine)

_______________ is a drug that protects the lining of the stomach and is commonly used to prevent and treat stomach ulcers. (Misoprostol)

_______________ is a laxative that absorbs water and increases the volume of the stool, which promotes bowel movement. (Psyllium)

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Pharmacology MCQs for Medical Students of Pak Army

Pharmacology MCQs for Nursing Jobs (Part-7)

_______________ is a drug that blocks the absorption of dietary cholesterol and can be used to lower blood cholesterol. (Ezetimibe)

_______________ is an antiemetic medication commonly used to prevent and treat nausea and vomiting associated with chemotherapy and surgery. (Ondansetron)

_______________ is a drug that reduces the production of intestinal gas and is used to relieve symptoms such as bloating and gas. (Simethicone)

_______________ is a drug that stimulates intestinal motility and is used to treat constipation. (Bisacodyl)

_______________ is an anti-diarrhea medication that slows down bowel movements and decreases the frequency of bowel movements. (Loperamide)

_______________ is a medication that increases the tone and motility of the lower esophageal sphincter and is used to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). (Baclofen)

_______________ is an antibiotic commonly used to treat Helicobacter pylori infection, a common cause of peptic ulcers. (Clarithromycin)

_______________ is a medicine that promotes the healing of stomach ulcers by preventing the secretion of stomach acid and enhancing the production of protective mucus. (Sucralfate)

_______________ is an enzyme replacement therapy used to treat exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, in which the pancreas does not produce enough digestive enzymes. (Pancrelipase)

_______________ is a commonly used antidepressant that belongs to the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) class of drugs. (Fluoxetine)

_______________ is a sedative-hypnotic drug commonly used for the short-term treatment of insomnia. (Zolpidem)

_______________ is a medication used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) by increasing the concentration of certain neurotransmitters in the brain. (Methylphenidate)

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Pharmacology MCQs for Nursing Jobs (Part-8)

_______________ is an antiepileptic drug commonly used to control seizures. (carbamazepine)

_______________ is a drug used to treat Parkinson’s disease by increasing dopamine levels in the brain. (Levodopa).

_______________ is an anxiolytic medication that is commonly used to treat anxiety disorders and panic attacks.  (Alprazolam)

_______________ is a drug used to treat bipolar disorder by stabilizing mood and preventing episodes of mania or depression. (Lithium)

_______________ is an opioid pain reliever commonly used to relieve moderate to severe pain. (Morphine)

_______________ is a drug used to treat Alzheimer’s by increasing the level of acetylcholine in the brain. (Donepezil)

_______________ is an antipsychotic drug used to treat schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. (Risperidone)

_______________ is a muscle relaxant commonly used to treat muscle spasms and spasms. (Baclofen)

_______________ is a medication used to treat migraine headaches by constricting blood vessels in the brain. (Sumatriptan)

_______________ is a drug used to treat neuropathic pain by stabilizing damaged nerves and reducing pain signals. (Pregabalin)

_______________ is a medication used to treat alcohol dependence by reducing the desire to drink alcohol. (Disulfiram)

_______________ is a drug used to treat opioid addiction by blocking the effects of opioids in the brain. (naltrexone).

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